Medical negligence, also known as medical malpractice, refers to the failure of a healthcare professional to provide a standard of care that meets accepted medical standards, resulting in harm to a patient. This can occur through acts of omission, errors in diagnosis or treatment, or a lack of informed consent. Medical negligence cases often involve healthcare providers such as doctors, nurses, surgeons, pharmacists, and other medical professionals. Examples of medical negligence include misdiagnosis, surgical errors, medication mistakes, failure to obtain informed consent, and inadequate follow-up care. Victims of medical negligence may experience physical harm, emotional distress, or prolonged suffering. Legal action can be pursued to seek compensation for damages, including medical expenses, loss of income, pain and suffering, and other related costs. Proving medical negligence typically involves demonstrating that the healthcare provider deviated from the accepted standard of care, and that this deviation directly led to the patient’s harm. 

Medical negligence cases are complex and often require the expertise of legal and medical professionals to navigate the legal system and assess the merits of a claim. To prevent medical negligence, healthcare providers are encouraged to maintain high standards of care, engage in continuous training, and promote open communication with patients. Additionally, patients should actively participate in their healthcare decisions, seek second opinions when necessary, and be aware of their rights to informed consent and competent medical treatment.